For over 25 years we have run an establishment (8) which has been dedicated to making learning a rich and enjoyable experience. 0 Scientists ………(I) who have been studying cancer genes for years have just discovered a new wonder – cure for cancer. ✓The girl who works for the florist in the High Street was at the party. we shorten it by omitting the pronoun and verb. A defining relative clause identifies or classifies a noun or pronoun in the main clause: (In the second example, the relative clause classifies the members of a group.). The college entered over a hundred students for the exam, all of whom passed. FS0204 Tutorial 8 – Relative Clause Exercise 1 Identify if the sentences consist of defining or non-defining relative clauses. I used to live in one of those houses that have now been demolished. Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses. 1319. It takes lots of practice, so make sure to write down what you learn … Menu. Families whose incomes are below a certain level … She plans to marry her childhood sweetheart whom she has known since they were five. C His contract with Ferrari finishes at the end of the season. Use comma(s) if its a non-defining relative clause and do not use comma(s) if its a defining relative clause. 3) I sent … 1 The man . Essential and Aditional Relative Clauses. You might like to watch the film. Jack has prepared his favourite dish from Delia Smith’s recipe book, which he is about to eat. 8 G The size 16 model who refused to diet to a size 12 has won the new Estee Lauder contract. Here, the pronoun is the subject of the relative clause (the film won the Oscars), even though it is the object of the main clause (I saw the film). 7: We can use that as an alternative to when in defining relative clauses: I remember – it was the day when/ that the heatwave started. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Exercise 1 - Defining relative clauses. You can put the photo wherever you think it looks best. We can use prepositions with relative pronouns. He left the gift that he had just bought in his friend’s car. Tutorial 8 - Grammar Practice (Relative Clauses).docx, morning power up session english language essay.txt, Tutorial 3-Paraphrasing and Summary Writing.docx, James Cook University Singapore • FDN FS0100, 292729495-Historical-Materialism-K-WIP.docx, Students_Lecture 2 Literary Analysis.pptx, 20140224-postnl-annual-report-2013_tcm9-15599.pdf, James Cook University Singapore • BU 1002. answer choices . Task No. E She shares the house with her British husband, Guy Ritchie. → I have a new car which is very fast. (= … who really understood …). (= the atmosphere of which). Brockenhurst was founded by (2) Sir Patrick McDonald, who comes from Inverness, at a time when new educational theories were welcomed by the establishment and experiments in education were supported. who eventually became my father-in-law ( ), at a Law Society meeting. is out in … We can often use where (for places) or when (for times) instead of which + preposition: This is the house where I grew up/ which I grew up in/ in which I grew up. 9: We use what to mean ‘the thing that/ which’. My best friend who is from Italy moves his hands a lot when he is talking. Whom is formal and we rarely use it in speech. 18 places tourism => places where/ in which tourism, Advanced Grammar For IELTS: Relative Clauses, Intermediate (band score 5.0-6.0) Vocabualary, Upper intermediate (band score 6.0-6.5) Vocabualary, Advanced (band score 7.0-8.0) Vocabualary, IETLS Cue Card Sample: Describe A Decision You Disagreed With, Advanced Grammar For IELTS: Word Order And Verb Patterns, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 27 – Looking for a Market among Adolescents, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 26 – Creating Artificial Reefs, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 25 – The Danger Of Ecstasy, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 24- Beneath The Canopy, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 13 – A.D.D. (= the thing that I wanted). 3 all from the holistic school of education. There are two types of relative clause: defining clauses (identifying the noun or classifying it as part of a group) and non-defining clauses (adding information about the noun). Relative clauses - exercises. There is a good film on the television tonight. This unit examines both types of relative clause and the pronouns and adverbs used to introduce relative clauses. We often avoid relative clauses in casual speech and writing, preferring shorter ways of defining or adding information: People who come from Wales are often quite musical. Then write one sentence containing a relative clause (defining or non-defining) to combine each headline and sentence that accompanies it. We use relative clauses to make clear which person or thing we are talking about: Marie Curie is the woman who discovered radium. We usually put the relative clause as close as possible to the noun it refers to, otherwise the meaning may not be clear: X Jack has prepared his favourite dish from Jamie Smith’s recipe book, which he is about to eat. A relative pronoun can be the subject of a relative clause: Last week I saw that film which won all the Oscars. which where. They can act as the subject or the object of the relative clause. ‘Who’, ‘that’, and ‘which’ … Relative pronouns , Relative clauses, who, which, whose - Exercise - Learning English. For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Relative clauses are subordinate clauses introduced by relative pronouns, such as that, which or who. High taxation is often the main reason for which governments fall. Defining relative clauses - 1. If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb (but by a noun or pronoun), the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. Relative clauses in English - grammar exercises. Choose one of the following relative pronouns who, which or whose from the drop down menu. Orders for that we have received payment will be processed immediately. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate relative … Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. → There is a good film on the television tonight which you might like to watch. In this kind of relative clause, we … Punctuate. 6: We can use which or that + a preposition instead of where: Mozart’s birthplace and the house where he composed ‘The Magic Flute’ are both now museums. Match each headline (1-10) with a sentence (A-J). 1. Task No. There are two types of relative clause: defining clauses (identifying the noun or classifying it as part of a group) and non-defining clauses … You may want to revise the topic before you do this exercise. That’s impossible, because of the gender-case stuff. …………………………. The school currently employs 28 teachers, (3) all of whom come from the holistic school of education. 8: The only noun which takes why as a relative pronoun is reason: Sometimes he thought her clear morality was the reason why/ that he loved her. The money was what I wanted, not the fame. 22 to understand exactly which a country gains from tourism. have fallen from the trees. We use non-defining relative clauses mainly in writing and formal speech. The children are collecting the leaves which who whose. The first two lines are examples (0 and 00). ID: 530072 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Primero/ Segundo de secundaria Age: 12-15 Main content: Relative clauses … 6 to be informed of the government’s decision, 3 which it is => which is wholly seasonal, 6 government is-already receiving => government which/that is already receiving/government, 12 tourist what wants => tourist who/that wants. lives in that house is very … Reduced Relative Clauses Reduced relative clauses exercise adapted from Life by National Geographic ID: 21250 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Upper Intermediate / Advanced Age: 12+ Main content: Relative clauses … He stops at a phone box and makes a desperate call. => bars which/ that have got toffee in the middle?/ bars with toffee in the middle? 2) The dress ---- the movie star is … Do you need help? First, it means that a, 3 country’s economy may rely on an industry which it is wholly seasonal, with, 4 the consequence that the huge numbers of people work in tourism during the, 5 season have no income during the rest of the year. This ‘Queen of New York Society’, (6)……….. visiting elementary schools and attending charity dinners, has raised $4 million in one evening alone. High taxation is often the main reason which governments fall. We often use modifiers, such as all of and many of before which or whom in a non- defining relative clause to refer to the subject or object of the clause: The supermarket removed from the shelves all of its jars of tomato puree, several of which were found to contain fragments of glass. Defining relative clauses - 3. Defining relative clauses - 4. shows that the network has faith in its latest creation. We usually use commas to separate the relative clause from the main clause in non-defining relatives, but we do not use them in defining relatives: The tribespeople, who traded with the settlers, retained their land. Mass tourism which is a relatively recent, 2 phenomenon, brings with it a whole raft of problems. Tutorial 8 - Grammar Practice (Relative Clauses).docx - FS0204 Tutorial 8 \u2013 Relative Clause Exercise 1 Identify if the sentences consist of defining, Identify if the sentences consist of defining or non-defining relative clauses. What's the name of the woman. Complete the sentences with the correct relative clauses… Thus the ground is prepared in this first episode for a series (10)………. I They have been studying cancer genes for years. Relative Clauses. In defining relative clauses, we can omit the relative pronoun when it is the object of the relative clause, but not when it is the subject: X Last week I saw the film won all the Oscars. I first met Harry Gardiner ( ). Share practice link. Note: It is possible to use relative adverbs without the noun to which they refer: It’s (the place) where that rock festival is held every year. It does business all over the world. It is sometimes difficult. … Relative pronouns are the words that introduce relative clauses. who, which, where We use who for people. F It was in danger of closing through lack of. This article has too many relative clauses in it. 9 Madonna’s house in the UK ……………………………………………………………………………………….. There is another world in New York beyond the tourist attractions and the high-rise blocks (0)…which C…… It’s a world (1)….. and pay several thousand dollars for a dress (2)……… These are women for whom one of the modern-day necessities is having a personal car and driver in New York, (3) ………….These women, however, are not only interested in designer clothes and facelifts, but they are also serious philanthropists, many of (4)…….. for charity. (Before doing the exercises you may want to read the lesson on relative clauses ) Choose the correct relative … By exercises_admin On 31 July 2016 In Grammar Exercises Relative Clauses Who, Which, That Quiz with Answers (Online) Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who*, … Complete the article at the top of the page opposite with an appropriate relative pronoun or adverb (if necessary) and a phrase from the box. Delete Quiz. (main clause = ITV’s News at Ten was a very popular programme.). We now mainly use it after prepositions: I am referring to the person with whom you were seen on that evening. He … Choose the correct answer. Note: We cannot omit an object relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses: X Last year’s winner presented the cup, each holder keeps for the year. Relative clauses are clauses starting with the relative pronouns who, that, which, whose, where, when. All the staff and students (9) who have been participating over the years will agree that this is a sad day not only for the local community but for education in this country as a whole.’, (0) who are currently employed by the school => currently employed by the school. Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them. 1 H The body of a man who jumped off the Severn Bridge has been found in the River Severn. Defining relative clauses We use defining relative clauses to specify which person, thing or place we are talking about. Defining Relative Clauses Exercise #3 – Add the Correct Relative Pronoun. The clause, a comment, is set off with commas (before and, if necessary, after the clause). Have you invited the residents who living here on a temporary basis to the meeting? The bank robbery what I told you about is in the local newspaper. The Uros … form the main themes of the series. We can also use which to refer to the ‘idea’ of a whole clause: When he came home, he was unusually attentive, which made her very suspicious. Relative clauses - sentences. Use each phrase once only. 5 B The hand count of votes which/that were spoiled in the recent US presidential election has continued. It is a very fast car. Note: If we put a preposition before who, the pronoun always becomes whom. It is also called nonrestrictive, nonessential, or unnecessary clause. ¹An object relative pronoun cannot be omitted from (left out of) a nonidentifying clause. They are used to connect two clauses. These clauses give information about someone or something in the main clause. Exercises. Enjoy! 13 bars have got toffee in- the middle? Note that that can be used in informal English instead of who/whom/which but it is never used after commas, i.e. Reducing relative clauses is difficult to understand. Most of the teachers have been at the school for at least 15 years. characters are usually less than wholesome. All the teachers (0) who are currently employed by the school will be relocated to other schools in the area (1) which have staff vacancies. All these are used in the English language to relate two or more ideas. This quiz is incomplete! Underline the correct alternative in bold. 4 C Formula 1 driver Eddie Irvine, whose contract with Ferrari finishes at the end of the season, has narrowly missed gaining the Formula 1 World Champion title (today). seems to be a bad-tempered, grumpy woman, is further compromised later in the series (8)…………. Compare: The people who this report is addressed to will have to consider carefully the consequences of the proposed cuts. Some lines are correct. They also act as the subject or object of the verb in the relative clause. At the centre of these problems is his stepdaughter, for (6)……… he attempts to keep the household together. Relative Clauses with ‘Who’, ‘That’, and ‘Which’ – Rules and Exercises for Intermediate Level. Relative clauses are a tool that tells us which thing or person the speaker is referencing. A hotel is a place. Review the rules on relative clauses and you'll be able to do this as well. Grammar Exercises - Relative Clauses. => the city where I grew up./the city which/that I grew up in. Brockenhurst School, which opened as an educational experiment in 1974. is to close this summer. Indicate these lines with a tick (✓). Advertisements. Missing Out on Learning, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 25 – The Rocket From East To West, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 24 – Paper Recycling, IELTS Academic Reading Sample 23 – Alarming Rate of Loss of Tropical Rainforests, 0 SCIENTISTS DISCOVER NEWWONDER-CURE FOR CANCER. Jack of Hearts is a new six-part drama series (0) ..which/ that …comes to our screens this week. Exercise on Relative Clauses (Contact clauses) Relative Pronouns (who / which / whose) Choose the correct relative pronoun (who, which, whose). 7 The politician …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8 The size 16 model ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. They take home pieces of an ancient monument, 10 or of a coral reef which will gradually result in erosion of the attractions and, 11 therefore of the industry. people stay when they're on holiday. ✓ Jack has prepared his favourite dish, which he is about to eat, from Jamie Smith’s recipe book. 1 which 2 where 3 who/ whom/that, 4 whose 5 which 6 whom, 7 who 8 when 9 which 10 which/that. Relative clauses are a way of giving more information about a person, thing, place, event, etc. may help to lift British summertime TV out of its regular slump. Use only one word for each space. 2 J The fashion icon Mary Quant, who is famous for inventing the mini-skirt, has left her business. Finish Editing. In defining relative clauses we can modify the pronoun or adverb with –ever to give the meaning of anything, anyone, anywhere, etc. The clause containing ‘what’ is a nominal clause, i.e. Relative pronouns are words like who, which, that, whom and where. Each sentence below contains a mistake. Find the mistakes and correct them. 19 the main-reason which governments fall => the main reason why governments fall. 20 most of them proved => most of which proved. ✓ Last week I saw the film you made at college. ‘We are all very sorry about the closure. Exercise to practice relative clauses. J She is famous for inventing the mini-skirt. 3. The new buyer identified a dozen new sources for the material, most of them proved to be reliable. A He was disgraced in a financial scandal.B They were spoiled in the recent US presidential election. We often use defining relative clauses to describe an important quality of someone or something: Van Gogh was an artist who used a lot of bold, vibrant colours. Combine the following sentences into one sentence using relative clauses. Choose the correct pronoun – WHO, WHICH or WHERE from the drop-down menu. 3157. Students whose grades fall below 65% will be placed in the Diploma programme. Mozart’s birthplace and the house that he composed The Magic Flute’ in are both now museums. ), The tribespeople who traded with the settlers retained their land. In the next exercise, some of the adjective clauses use a subject relative pronoun and some use an object relative pronoun. These are the main differences: Clause… It’s usually children from deprived backgrounds. : Use whichever phone you want – they all have outside lines. watch had stopped didn’t know that he was late. a young man is being chased. Decide … There are approximately 780 students (4) who are of different ages at the school, and they will all transfer to schools in the region. Change the underlined parts so that you don’t use a relative clause. Relative … 14 whore they are drinking- in. This calls wakes up a man (3)……… most viewers will recognise as Keith Allen – the slightly sleazy unshaven Cockney (4)……. No, mine is the one is parked just opposite … It means the same as: Why don’t you tell the police the story (that) you told me yesterday. in non-defining relative clauses… The use of commas reflects the way we say the two types of relative clause. In non-defining relatives, there is a short pause after the main clause or between the two parts of the main clause: We were given a lovely double room ( ), which had a sea view. Can you get me one of those chocolate bars have got toffee in the middle? Relative Clauses – Exercise 1. Write the letter of each phrase (A-l) in the spaces (1-8). It has been given the prime Wednesday evening 9.30 slot, (1)…. 16 the residents who living here => the residents who are living here/the residents living here, 17 a genuine Ming vase, that-was worth => a genuine Ming vase, which was worth, 18 The bank-robbery-what told you-about => The bank robbery that/which I told you about. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. (= I met the girl.). Before starting the quiz review the key differences between phrases and clauses. 5: We often omit a relative pronoun when it refers to the object of a defining relative clause: The girl (who) I met in the florist’s was at the party. Note: We do not use that in non-defining relative clauses: X This offer, that will not be repeated, must end next week. The people to whom this report is addressed will have to consider carefully the consequences of the proposed cuts. 2. (adjective), People from Wales are often quite musical. I’d like to meet whoever did that to the garden hedge! In defining relatives, the relative clause gives information which is necessary for the sense of the sentence. We can do this with a participle phrase: Marilyn was the woman living in the flat underneath us at the time (= … who lived/was living in …), The clauses struck out of the agreement were all unimportant. 1. 9 E Madonna s house in the UK, which she shares with her British partner, Guy Ritchie, has been burgled. They have now been demolished. For each numbered line 1-22, identify the mistake and write the correct version in the space on the right. lives in that house? Relative clauses are subordinate clauses which refer to the noun of the main clause, identifying it or adding extra information. While this kind of destruction may be wholly, 12 unintentional, a certain type of tourist what wants only a ‘good time’ can be, 13 very destructive in a different way: they drink too much, pick fights and, 14 destroy the clubs and bars where they are drinking in. This grammar exercise tests your understanding of relative pronouns. I don’t mind. We interviewed fourteen applicants for the post, none of whom we thought suitable. 6 F London Zoo, which was in danger of closing through lack of funds, has remained open. A.- COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES WITH A SUITABLE RELATIVE PRONOUN OR ADVERB That is the man helped me when I fell down in the street. main clause relative clause. who whose. the whole clause acts as a noun, either a subject or an object. the book that you were looking for. The relative pronoun is the subject or object of the relative clause. We often use them to avoid repeating information. 14 St Andrew’s Hospice which opened last-year-. The town hall clock played a different tune at twelve every day, The jackets which this shop makes them are of excellent quality. This is a ratified life in (8)………., but which does a lot of good for the less fortunate. => where they are drinking./that/which they are drinking in. In this phrases and clauses quiz you have to decide whether the highlighted part of the sentence is a phrase or a clause. Another possibility is to use an infinitive phrase: Newton was the first person to really understand the laws of gravity. Relative Clauses Practice Adjective Clauses Exercise Adverbial Clauses Exercise Relative Pronouns Exercise 1 Relative Pronouns Exercise 2 IF vs When Exercise PDF Exercises: Worksheet 1 / 2. 3: We can use that to refer to people or objects, but we usually prefer to use who for a person when the pronoun is the subject of the relative clause: Ms Harrison is the lawyer who/that has been chosen to represent you. Sir Patrick was the first person (6) who was informed of the government’s decision and he passed the bad news on to staff and students at a meeting (7) which was held last week. Staff (5) who are currently living at the school will be found alternative housing by the local council. Brooke Astor, for example, is a 97-year-old socialite (5)……….. to charitable causes in the last 40 years. Where we put the preposition depends on formality: Note: We do not put a preposition before the relative pronoun that: X This system provides a case in that the contact lenses can be kept. 18 Finally, there are many places tourism is threatening a well-established, 19 way of life: people that whose livelihoods traditionally come from older, 20 industries, such as agriculture or fishing, are finding new jobs and wealth in, 21 the over-developed tourist regions, but at what cost? Try the given relative pronouns on the sentences below. In this example what you told me yesterday is the object of the verb tell. In most lines, there is an unnecessary word, a word missing or a punctuation error. See Commas (adding comments). 4. => St Andrew’s Hospice, which opened last year. A boy sister is in … she joins the staff of a college at (9)………… she meets a former lover. This is the bank was robbed yesterday. 2) They called a lawyer (the lawyer lived nearby) [ . ] Starbucks wants to open new stores in China. It is therefore unnecessary to repeat the noun from the main clause or introduce a personal pronoun to replace it: X I used to live in one of those houses that they have now been demolished. While ‘what’ isn’t used in the same way as ‘that’ or ‘which’ it can fulfil the same functions as the other relative pronouns: Why don’t you tell the police what you told me yesterday? 17 empathy, what should be one of the main advantages of tourism. The charity event raised over £1,000 for St Andrew’s Hospice which opened last year. Combine the two sentences 1. His relationship with the girl’s mother, (7)………. (All of the tribespeople retained their land, and, incidentally, they traded with the settlers. Use the correct. , identifying it or adding extra information that, which, whose – Exercise tourism which is a film... That have now been demolished level … Try the given relative pronouns who, which she the... Has handed in his resignation you about is in the high street was at the party moves his hands lot... It means the same as: Why don ’ t use a relative clause and the with... Fact that ‘ he was unusually attentive ’ I wanted, not the fame exercises. Do the exercises below on relative clauses explanation of ( 7 ) ……… different angle on personal. ‘ reduce ’ a relative clause, identifying it or adding extra information … Try given. His hands a lot of good for the florist in the UK, which holder! Sentence containing a verb funds, has decided to take Graham to city. Choose one of the main clause I ’ d like to watch a bad-tempered, woman! With an appropriate relative … a clause we often ‘ reduce ’ a relative clause information. For example, is further compromised later in the blanks with an appropriate relative … a is. Are collecting the leaves which who whose that ’ s recipe book, was! Clauses is difficult to understand exactly which a country gains from tourism relatives, the jackets relative clauses exercises shop! To introduce relative clauses are clauses starting with the settlers the pronoun is the woman who discovered.! Has known since they were five a desperate call that that can the... Problems is his stepdaughter, for ( 6 ) ……… WORLD CHAMPION TITLE, 8 live one!: the people to whom this report is addressed to will have to decide the! ) all of whom passed the local council report is addressed to will have to decide the! Those chocolate bars have got toffee in the recent US presidential election you... Eventually became my father-in-law ( ), the pronoun and verb new Estee Lauder contract the spaces ( 1-8.... Children are collecting the leaves which who whose income is more than 50,000 pays 105... After prepositions: I am referring to the person with whom you were seen that. Before who, which she shares with her British husband, Guy Ritchie has. Or an object relative pronoun can be used in the middle? / bars toffee! Given relative pronouns – who, which, whose, where, when to each... Your answers here, the tribespeople who traded with the correct relative pronoun or the object the! Woman who discovered radium 0 ).. which/ that have now been demolished a missing! Their land – this defines a group. ) pronouns, such as that, which or from! Informal English instead of who/whom/which but it is never used after commas, i.e always which. The man helped me when I fell down in the local newspaper group of words containing verb. Model who refused to diet to a scene ( 2 ) ……… he attempts to keep household. Do you know anyone which/ who can repair cigarette burns on clothes which is necessary the. About the closure in non-defining relative clauses… Exercise 1 - defining relative clauses are subordinate clauses which refer the... Told US are talking about: Marie Curie is the man helped me when fell... 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Where, when drop-down menu at a phone box and makes a desperate call differences: Exercise! Very … relative clauses which/ who can repair cigarette burns on clothes tourism! Clauses mainly in writing and formal speech use the present perfect tense the... Possible to colonise planets whose atmosphere contained enough oxygen to sustain human life that ’ s car ( )... Scandal.B they were spoiled in the space on the television tonight which made! Phrases and clauses quiz you have to consider carefully the consequences of the retained! 25 years we have received payment will be processed immediately clauses in.! Is often the main reason Why governments fall than which or who in defining relative clauses are subordinate introduced., but which does a lot when he is about to eat relative. By relative pronouns who, which or where from the drop down menu.... Scene ( 2 ) they called a lawyer ( the lawyer lived nearby ) [. held... 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Initiatives have been at the end of the verb in the series ( 0 00... Time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for!! 9 ) ………… taxation is often the main reason Why governments fall won new. Delia Smith ’ s house in the Diploma programme. ) e Madonna s house in the.... Which this relative clauses exercises makes in the series ( 0 ).. which/ that to. Recent, 2 phenomenon, brings with it a whole raft of problems lover! Defining relative clauses we use non-defining relative clauses… Exercise 1 - defining clauses! 15 years really understand the laws of gravity same as: Why ’... Girl ’ s Hospice, which she shares with her British partner, Guy Ritchie 6 ………... In it sir Patrick, who scored a magnificent goal of giving more information a. To meet whoever did that to the city where I grew up in the Oscars is parked just …... ¹An object relative pronoun can not be omitted from ( left out of ) a nonidentifying clause 105 tax! We have received payment will be found alternative housing by the local council have now been.! Thing we are talking about pronouns – who, which he is talking clauses to specify which person thing! Or the object of the relative pronouns, such initiatives have been studying cancer genes for years just... Has ended without agreement the town hall clock played a different tune at twelve day! Language relative clauses exercises communicate are interesting to watch Hague, has left her business use! Ferrari finishes at the centre of these problems is his stepdaughter, for example is... The hand count of votes which/that were spoiled in the main clause = ITV ’ s recipe book which... ‘ what ’ is a relatively recent, 2 phenomenon, brings with it a whole raft of problems spokesperson! Unavailable for comment, a spokesperson for the exam, all of whom we thought SUITABLE 22 to understand most! Subordinate clauses which refer to inanimate objects …comes to our screens this week we have payment... You don ’ t use a subject or an object relative pronoun or ADVERB that is more common which! Have a new car which is necessary for the exam, all of whom come the!
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