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The study on the effect of environmental degradation on agricultural productivity is limited to subsistence and commercial faming in Nigeria. Keywords: Agricultural Productivity, Socio-economic characteristics, maize farmers Introduction One of the major problems facing Agricultural productivity in Nigeria is illiteracy. Zivkovic, Omorogbe and Ademoh (2014). Comparing human power, animal power and engine power ratio with the world outlook on agricultural 22 Bello R. S. et al. One of the major problems facing Agricultural productivity in Nigeria is illiteracy. Moreover, the country is the largest producer of cassava in the world, with about 50 million metric tons annually from a cultivated area of about 3.7 million ha. Development economics. In a system that is highly susceptible to climate change and droughts, only 1% of croplands are currently irrigated in Nigeria. This paper investigates how remittances flow to Nigeria from household migrants affect farm production efficiency of the left behind in rural areas. This study examines the impact of access to credit on agricultural productivity in Nigeria using the Endogenous Switching Regression Model (ESRM)). Many irrigation equipment like pumps, dams and sprinklers are now used. In 1921, a unified Department of Agriculture was formed in Nigeria, after the amalgamation of the North and the South. Thus, credit institutions should consider boosting their credit services to rural farming households in order to guarantee that more households benefit from it. The second stage reveals that total livestock unit and farm size are negative and statistically significant in explaining the variations in cassava productivity among the farmers that have access to credit, while household size, farm size, and access to information assets are negative and statistically significant in explaining the variation in cassava productivity among the farmers without access to credit. Trends and Drivers of Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria, NSSP Report 1. This study examined the Effect of Agro-allied Funding and Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria. Without first visiting a doctor to get a diagnosis, any other steps taken may not help matters or may just make them worse; that is how important soil testing is to soil health. We used the Living Standard Measurement Survey data set and applied production frontier models to generate production efficiency scores for migrant and non-migrant farm households. Contrast this with Ethiopia, which has agents that reach 70% of its farm households. The high costs of fertilisers have been a major blockade for farmers. Agriculture and Nigeria’s Economic Development. Under the initiative, the government supplies discounted fertiliser inputs from Morocco and Europe, through the Nigeria Sovereign Investment Authority fertiliser fund vehicle. According to a former Minister of Agriculture, Dr Akinwumi Adesina, 90% of the money spent on fertiliser subsidies during the 30-year period was lost to corruption and fertiliser racketeering. Agriculture provided 41 percent of Nigeria's total gross domestic product (GDP) in 1999. To solve this issue, there are several innovative approaches that are currently being used across Africa. It helps increase production and improve food security, which is especially important since Nigeria is expected to have the third-largest population by 2050. Prior to that, state governments provided subsidies ranging from 25 to 50% of the total cost. The objective of this paper is to analyze impact of Federal Government agricultural expenditure on agricultural productivity in Nigeria. Copyright Stears News Limited 2021. Approximately 70 percent of the population engages in agricultural production at a subsistence level. Particular elements that are missing from the soil may not be accounted for in the added fertiliser and this will limit any expected increase in yield. This has over the years posed great challenges to Agricultural development as well as productivity. Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide and direct the study which is: (1)There is a significant relationship between Agro Funding and Agricultural productivity in Nigeria. The estimated ARDL result reveals that the labor force and real exchange rate influence agricultural productivity positively, while the inflation rate are negatively in Nigeria. EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA gradual depletion of the environment that is capable of damaging Climatic fluctuation is putting Nigeria’s agriculture system under serious threat and stress. Farmers are the largest group of financially excluded persons in Nigeria, thereby highlighting the supply shortfall in finance to agriculture in Nigeria. This percentage represented a normal decrease of 24.7 percent from its contribution of 65.7 percent to the GDP in 1957. Fertiliser use was around 6kg per hectare in 2016, compared with a global average of 140kg, despite the Abuja Declaration of 2006 which sought to increase fertiliser use to an average of 50kg per hectare in African countries. The decline in agricultural productivity in Nigeria should also be looked at in the angle of migration, most especially the rural- urban migration. One of the reasons for this low yield is low fertiliser usage. Agriculture has a strong hold in an economy for without it, a country will always depend on foreign countries to feed its population. Large number of rural labour force have moved to the urban centers for paid jobs in the industries. How consumption determines the economic impact of pandemics. Finally, agricultural extension agents. You may only share Stears Business is regulated by its editorial guidelines & policies. According to the World Bank, cereal yield in Sub Saharan Africa is less than half of the global average. The level of literacy of farmers in Nigeria generally affects agricultural practices in Nigeria especially in the rural areas. Some have argued that fixing infrastructure such as roads would be a better investment. This paper aims at a basic examination of some determinants of agricultural productivity in Nigeria. It is expected that extension programmes will help increase farm productivity, farm revenue, reduce poverty and minimize food insecurity. One of such is the Africa Soil Information Systems that collects soil nutrient information as maps and use this to make tailored fertiliser recommendations to farmers, increasing productivity. To examine how Herdsmen activities have affected agricultural productivity in Nigeria 2.) Impact of Access to Credit on Agricultural Productivity: Evidence from Smallholder Cassava Farmers in Nigeria. All rights reserved. Agricultural holdings are generally small and scattered. NJ: Princeton University Press. Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs. The inputs are then blended with locally sourced urea and distributed to farmers at ₦5,000 per bag, a significant cost saving when compared to imported fertilisers which can cost as high ₦9,000. Image Source: www.myguidenigeria.com. Advertisement. 04 FEB 2020. This has over the years posed great challenges to Agricultural development as well as productivity. Read: Problems and Prospects of Agricultural Mechanization in Nigeria 2. These are the individuals who work with farmers to overcome their challenges by adopting new technology. Now Africa’s biggest economy, Nigeria covers 92.4 million hectares and … The much Anticipated E magazine is here Zero Hunger: Enhancing Agricultural Productivity. Efforts must be made however to connect extension workers with research institutions to ease technology transfer to farmers. Low input use and farm technology, such as improved seed and fertilizer, are among the many reasons for low agricultural productivity in Nigeria. agricultural sector and low productivity due to poor planting material amongst others. While individual products are usually measured by weight, their varying densities make measuring overall agricultural output difficult. Stears Business content using our sharing buttons. Copyright © Stears News Limited 2021 All rights reserved. On the back of this, the Buhari government abolished fertiliser subsidy programs and replaced it with the Presidential Fertiliser Initiative (PFI). Aug 11, 2015 @ 6:18 pm. As a increasing agricultural productivity in Nigeria. Modern Irrigation Techniques: Modern irrigation control methods have made it possible to improve farm productivity using better control measures. Access to credit has a significant positive impact on cassava productivity. http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/210969, International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE), 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy. Fertilisers increase farmers’ productivity. Nigeria‟s large and growing population provides a potential for a vibrant internal market for increased agricultural productivity. The major policy of the Central Department of Agriculture was to increase the production of export crops for the British market which was ready to absorb it for its industrial growth. However, fish farming looks a bit more promising as recently there has been marked an increase in fish farmers and awareness. : Mechanization and Agricultural Productivity Functions in Umuahia North LGA, Abia, Nigeria production in Latin America, Africa and Nigeria, Latin ecological zone of Nigeria. Nigeria is very blessed with agricultural resources, a large expanse of land estimated at 91 million hectares (1990) of which 81 million hectares are arable. Nigeria is a nation abundantly blessed with agricultural resources and vast agricultural products. Fifty-nine per cent, approximately 105 million Nigerians, are under the age of 35. World fact book, January 9, 2012. The figure for Nigeria is particularly low. Additionally, an improvement in productivity can increase farmers’ incomes and reduce rural poverty. In agricultural-dependent economies, extension programmes have been the main conduit for disseminating information on farm technologies, support rural adult learning and assist farmers in developing their farm technical and managerial skills. As Nigeria gets into the business of increasing fertiliser use, we should ensure that these fertilisers are the types that our soils need. In addition, the decline in food production which has led to increasing food importation in Nigeria can be likened to farmer’s difficulty to Follow this writer on Twitter @aremuoropo. Government Interventions in the Agriculture Sector. Nigeria is Africa's most populous country with 182 million inhabitants and an annual growth rate of 3 per cent. The level of From our findings, agriculture and Nigeria economic development are strongly related because the development of the agricultural sector is essential to the progress of the country. The study examined the economic determinants of agricultural productivity in Nigeria from 1981 – 2017, using ARDL technique. The specific objectives include: 1.) In Nigeria sorghumand millet are produced mainly for subsistence … It is not advisable to apply fertiliser using blanket recommendations. The Agricultural sector is made up of four sub-sectors: Crop Production, Livestock, Forestryand Fishing. The study examined the economic determinants of agricultural productivity in Nigeria from 1981 – 2017, using ARDL technique. The first stage of the ESRM reveals that total livestock unit and farm size are positive and statistically significant in determining the farmers’ access to credit. Nigeria‟s large and growing population provides a potential for a vibrant internal market for increased agricultural productivity. Therefore, output is usually measured as the market value of final output, which excludes intermediate products such as corn feed used in the meat industry. While improving fertiliser use will go a long way to improving agricultural productivity, it is not the only missing piece. Nigeria has transitioned from one subsidy regime to another since then, spending billions annually: ₦873 billion was spent between 1980 and 2010. In spite of these opportunities, the state of agriculture in Nigeria remains poor and largely underdeveloped. The study of the effect of climate change on agricultural productivity is critical given its impact in changing livelihood patterns in the country. It uses both a conventional decomposition and a regression-based inequality decomposition to estimate the impact of climate-induced variability in agricultural productivity. The figure for Nigeria is particularly low. Three other factors are considered here. The estimated ARDL result reveals that the labor force and real exchange rate influence agricultural productivity positively, while the inflation rate are negatively in Nigeria. This paper uses multiple rounds of household survey panel data to assess the distributional implications of variability in agricultural productivity in Nigeria and Uganda. In this kind of condition, no amount of fertiliser applied would translate to high-grade yield if water remains missing in the farming equation. The Green Revolution of the 1960s that fed about a billion people did not depend only on agrochemicals like fertilisers and pesticides, it was a combination of these plus others like improved seeds, irrigation and mechanisation which are all important in improving crop yield. In Nigeria, the level of agricultural productivity and farmers’ income have been affected by inadequate financing, which invariably discourages job creation and increases unemployment rate. Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), in 2011 agriculture accounted for 40 percent of the nation’s GDP, yet it received only one per cent of the total commercial bank loans [16]. Fertilisers increase farmers’ productivity. The government’s recent announcement of training 50,000 more extension agents is coming at the right time. The outcome of the study confirms the long run linkage among the variables of the model. Over the past 20 years, value-added per capita in agriculture has risen by less than 1 percent annually. Recognising the unhealthy condition of Nigeria’s Agricultural sector since 1970 and its (Adeoti 2002) The dismal performance of the agricultural sector in terms of its contribution to Nigeria’s yearly total revenue in the last three decades prompted the government to initiate several agricultural schemes and programs to enhance agricultural productivity in Nigeria, which include the following: the River Basin Development Authorities, the National Accelerated Food Production Project, the Agricultural … Porto, 2012; Lipton 2012). It helps increase production and improve food security, which is especially important since Nigeria is expected to have the third-largest population by 2050. This E- Magazine Enhancing Agricultural Productivity contains knowledge and strategies contributed by organization and agribusiness intellectuals to aid readers to build and develop capacities and ideas to achieve zero hunger and create wealth through participation in various identified agricultural business. Nigeria is facing two key gaps in agriculture today: an inability to meet domestic food requirements, and an inability to export at quality levels required for market success. Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 35% of the population as of 2020. According to the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), in 2011 agriculture accounted for 40 percent of the nation’s GDP, yet it received only one per cent of the total commercial bank loans [16]. In the third quarter of 2019, the sector grew by 14.88% year-on-year in nominal terms with a decline of 3.44… This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without written permission from Stears Business. As a result, farmers here usually harvest much lower yields than their counterparts in other parts of the world who apply more fertilisers and have access to non-rainwater irrigation sources. Also read: 10 Best Chinese Restaurants in Lagos, Nigeria (Victoria Island, Ikeja etc) Some Solutions To Problems of Agricultural Development in Nigeria. The back of agricultural productivity in Nigeria takes place in the rural areas and majorly the level and incident of poverty is very pronounced. Abuja, International Food PolicyResearch Institute (IFPRI). Nigeria currently has only 7,000 extension agents for its sixteen million farms – an obvious gap. The main objective of the study is to examine the extent to which herdsmen-farmer clashes affect the socio-economic development of Nigeria. The former problem is a productivity challenge driven by an input system and farming model that is largely inefficient. Availability of finance would go a long way in improving output and productivity in agriculture, and consequently help in reducing poverty. This programme comes at a period in Nigeria’s history when the government is putting all its resources to diversify Nigeria’s economy from reliance on crude oil to agriculture. Fertiliser use was around 6kg per hectare in 2016, compared with a global average of 140kg, despite the Abuja Declaration of 2006 which sought to increase fertiliser use to an average of 50kg per hectare in African countries. DEVELOPMENT - As with all government policies and programmes, monitoring and implementation are important. The second important factor is using Synergetic Inputs. By the time it is completed Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria and Solutions The underproductivity of this sector is experienced both in horticulture and livestock farming. EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA gradual depletion of the environment that is capable of damaging This will be a great boost for the agriculture sector which is responsible for 60% of Nigeria's workforce. Moreover, despite throwing billions of naira at the problem, fertiliser use only increased by 2kg, from 4kg in 2002 to 6kg in 2016. In this article, we take a look at the role of agriculture in economic development of Nigeria. It is estimated that Nigeria has lost USD 10 billion in annual export opportunity from groundnut, palm oil, cocoa and cotton alone due to continuous decline in the production of those commodities. Yet this is rarely the case for many Sub-Saharan African (SSA) farmers who cultivate on small lands, apply little fertiliser and depend mostly on rain to grow their crops. 39. The outcome of the study confirms the long run linkage among the variables of the model. agricultural productivity as a means of survival. They are vital in teaching farmers how and when to use the fertilisers suitable for their crop/land. Enacted in 1976, the National Fertiliser Policy was the Federal Government's first foray into providing fertiliser subsidies. As reported by the FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the Nigerian economy, despite the presence of oil in the country. Agrictech Nigeria, Osun 2019 is a journey into the future and prosperity of agribusiness in Nigeria, a country with a population of over 184 million people and the largest market in Africa. James Ahar. 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Apply fertiliser using blanket recommendations productivity challenge driven by an input system and agricultural productivity in nigeria.

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