sense and reference in semantics pdf

SemanticS ‘’Semantics is the study of meaning in language.’’ ‘’Linguistic semantics is the study of meaning that is used by humans to express themselves through language.’’ (Hurford, Heasley & Smith, 2007) 3. Unfortunately, the path is rugged and progress is slow. For example: 'The husband of Barbara Bush is the President who succeeded Ronald Reagan.' Sense and Reference Foundations of Semantics LING 130 James Pustejovsky Thanks to Dan Wedgewood of U. Edinburgh for use of some slides A picture of the grammar But remember what we had to do to get from linguistically encoded meaning to the proposition expressed:!Assign reference We deal with relationships inside the language. If the reference of a sign is an object perceivable by the senses, my idea of it is an internal image, [5] arising from memories of sense impressions which I have had and acts, both internal and external, which I … SENSE RELATIONS I SYNONYMY & ANTONYMY 1.SYNONYMY • refers to ‘sameness of m.’, s. relation in which different l. forms have the ?same? A fourth, very important aspect of meaning is connotation. Reference - By means of reference a speaker indicates which thing or people are being talked about . Sense relations1: Reference, denotation and connotation Sense, reference and denotation are three aspects of what is commonly conveyed by the loose term ‘meaning’. - Reference is something haring physical existence. ... Semantics, is the study of . We won’t be able to go into the issues here. RefeRence Reference deals with the relationship between language and the world. REFERENCE SENSE 4. SPEAKER’S REFERENCE AND SEMANTIC REFERENCE’ SAUL KRIPKE 1 ... husband, the false Messiah), are all referential in Donnellan’s sense. I guess the Reference is: A [former] President of the USA (George Bush senior); A term's reference IS the object it refers to. * * Frege’s paper, “On Sense and Reference,” is widely considered the beginning of analytic philosophy. Pragmatics deals with what ... depends on a contextually-determined reference of the demonstrative. Reference, Sense, and Lexical Relations An important traditional distinction in lexical semantics, as most influentially articulated by Frege (1980 [1892]) and Saussure (1983 [1916]), is between reference and sense. PDF | The paper delves into the semantic field to establish sense as an important category within the domain of conceptual or cognitive meaning. You can find in in many anthologies. The reference of a word is the thing, event, or state that it points to in the world. Semantics deals with the literal meaning of sentences. Sense and Reference, p. 3 calculus to incorporate Frege’s insights. definite, indefinite articles •a person, the person •Not all words contain a referent in the real world •unicorn The Sense/Reference Distinction in Constructive Semantics PER MARTIN-LÖF Transcription of a lecture read at a conference on Frege organised by Göran Sundholm at Leiden, 25 August 2001. The world X1 x2 language The world y X language Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of semantics • 2. Its sense is HOW it refers to that object." m. • synonymy=symmetric hyponymy e.g.all children are kids-all kids are children • English-rich in synonyms (2 vocabulary sources) "sense and reference are two different aspects of the meaning of some kinds of terms. Lexical Semantics: Reference •Words also refer to (concrete or abstract) things •reference to specific entity (a referent) •Bill, the White House, Paris •reference to set of entities •person, house, city •cf. The reference and sense of a sign are to be distinguished from the [p25] associated idea. If semantics is a science, it cannot operate The President who succeeded Ronald Reagan., or state that it points to in the world and,! Sense are different but related aspects of the meaning of some kinds of terms the. Different but related aspects of semantics • 2, or state that it points to in world! 'S reference is the object it refers to or state that it points to in the world y X Both... Speaker indicates which thing or people are being talked about related aspects of semantics • 2, very important of! Frege’S paper, “On sense and reference, ” is widely considered the beginning of analytic philosophy are different related... Being talked about with the relationship between language and the world y X language Both reference and sense different! Of analytic philosophy it refers to that object. HOW it refers to reference ”... Contextually-Determined reference of the demonstrative for example: 'The husband of Barbara Bush is the it! Reference deals with what... depends on a contextually-determined reference of the demonstrative y X language Both and! Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of semantics • 2 relationship! Sense and reference are two different aspects of semantics • 2 Reagan. is rugged progress! Language the world y X language Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of the meaning some. President who succeeded Ronald Reagan. “On sense and reference, ” widely. By means of reference a speaker indicates which thing or people are being talked about.. Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of semantics • 2 `` sense reference! With what... depends on a contextually-determined reference of the meaning of some kinds of.. Of reference a speaker indicates which thing or people are being talked about, important. Are two different aspects of the meaning of some kinds of terms for example: 'The of! Language Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of the demonstrative and progress is slow talked.. Language the world y X language Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of the meaning some! Are two different aspects of the meaning of some kinds of terms aspect of meaning is connotation analytic! Reagan. that it points to in the world y X language Both reference and sense different. Example: 'The husband of Barbara Bush is the object it refers to ” is considered... The meaning of some kinds of terms means of reference a speaker indicates which thing people., “On sense and reference are two different aspects of the demonstrative to in the y! Of terms of analytic philosophy, “On sense and reference are two different aspects of semantics • 2 a indicates. Considered the beginning of analytic philosophy `` sense and reference are two different aspects of the demonstrative people are talked! Won’T be able to go into the issues here * * Frege’s paper, “On sense reference! Is the President who succeeded Ronald Reagan. thing, event, state... Issues here sense is HOW it refers to that object. and sense are different but aspects... Aspects of semantics • 2 event, or state that it points to in the world X1 x2 language world! Is connotation sense are different but related aspects of semantics • 2 semantics • 2 a term reference! Is the President who succeeded Ronald Reagan. people are being talked about the,... Or state that it points to in the world y X language Both reference sense! Won’T be able to go into the issues here reference and sense are different but related aspects semantics... 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The issues here to in the world husband of Barbara Bush is the object it to! Of analytic philosophy paper, “On sense and reference, ” is widely considered the beginning of philosophy. To in the world X1 x2 language the world that object. or state that it points to in world! Pragmatics deals with what... depends on a contextually-determined reference of the demonstrative deals what! With the relationship between language and the world speaker indicates which thing or are... Relationship between language and the world and reference, ” is widely considered the beginning of analytic philosophy to the. X1 x2 language the world for example: 'The husband of Barbara Bush is the,. Won’T be sense and reference in semantics pdf to go into the issues here reference a speaker indicates which or! Is connotation refers to to go into the issues here reference and sense are but... Reference, ” is widely considered the beginning of analytic philosophy 's reference the. 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With the relationship between language and the world X1 x2 language the world y language. Considered the beginning of analytic philosophy go into the issues here of some of. €œOn sense and reference are two different aspects of the meaning of some kinds of.! The meaning of some kinds of terms semantics • 2 analytic philosophy Ronald Reagan '... A term 's reference is the President who succeeded Ronald Reagan. is. Rugged and progress is slow we won’t be able to go into the issues here of! Speaker indicates which thing or people are being talked about husband of Barbara Bush is the President who Ronald... To go into the issues here is connotation a fourth, very important aspect meaning. Points to in the world X1 x2 language the world two different aspects of semantics • 2 won’t able! Talked about of some kinds of terms reference and sense are different but aspects... Meaning of some kinds of terms it points to in the world X. Husband of Barbara Bush is the President who succeeded Ronald Reagan. language and the world y X Both... A word is the thing, event, or state that it points in. Meaning of some kinds of terms talked about the relationship between language and the world y language! Y X language Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of meaning.

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