how far north do alligators live

These reptiles are usually found in slow-moving freshwater rivers, but also inhabit swamps, marshes, and lakes. In one experiment conducted on the larynx, the fundamental frequency depended on both the glottal gap and stiffness of the larynx tissues. The problem is that alligators live only as far north as northeastern North Carolina. Map Where Alligators Are Found . [73] Rarely, American alligators have been observed killing and eating bobcats, but such events are not common and have little effect on bobcat populations. Hatchlings mostly feed on invertebrates such as insects, insect larvae, snails, spiders, and worms. [106] They may provide a protection service for water birds nesting on islands in freshwater wetlands. [59] One study of alligators in north-central Florida found the males preferred open lake water during the spring, while females used both swampy and open-water areas. Adult male American alligators measure 3.4 to 4.6 m (11.2 to 15.1 ft) in length, and can weigh up to 453 kg (999 lb). [15] However, the full genome, published in 2014, suggests that the alligator evolved much more slowly than mammals and birds.[16]. Alligators are opportunistic feeders that prey on fish, turtles, snakes, frogs, and waterfowl. Last updated Jan 25 2017. mibmob Answer has 3 votes Currently Best Answer . Alligator hides bring good prices and hides in the 6- to 7-ft range have sold for $300 each. This means that once a year or every two years they are sighted because of the fact that there are not many alligators on North Texas lakes at all (most of them have been found on the Trinity River, Lake Worth or remote areas on the outskirts of popular lakes). The species is the official state reptile of three states: Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi. States began monitoring their American alligator populations to ensure that they would continue to grow. [4][5][6][7][8] The American alligator inhabits freshwater wetlands, such as marshes and cypress swamps from Tamaulipas in Mexico to southeastern and coastal North Carolina. [102][103][104], American alligators play an important role in the restoration of the Everglades as biological indicators of restoration success. If massive amounts of money were spent, I suppose alligators could live as far north as one would be willing to keep them, but it would require indoor enclosures, etc., etc. These reptiles are usually found in slow-moving freshwater rivers, but also inhabit swamps, marshes, and lakes. [50] During respiration, air flow is unidirectional, looping through the lungs during inhalation and exhalation;[51] the American alligator's abdominal muscles can alter the position of the lungs within the torso, thus shifting the center of buoyancy, which allows the American alligator to dive, rise, and roll within the water. In May 2006, American alligators killed three Floridians in less than a week. [111] At least 28 fatal attacks by American alligators have occurred in the United States since 1970. Keddy, P.A., L. Gough, J.A. Things to know about Florida's alligators . Male alligators can presumably grow up to 16 feet in length, although 13-footers are rare, whereas female alligators can grow up to 10 feet. Because most alligators live in warm, southern climates — North Carolina is about as far north as they go — it’s unusual for them to even experience extended freezing … I saw one running along the bank that was longer than our 12-foot boat. as they wouldn't be able to survive outdoors year-round. As human populations increase, and as they build houses in low-lying areas or fish or hunt near water, incidents are inevitable where humans intrude on American alligators. Pertinence. Zoom into recent high-resolution maps of pro Most animals captured by American alligators are considerably smaller than itself. [72] In this way, the vital ecological service they provide may be important in reducing rates of coastal wetland losses in Louisiana. Meilleure réponse. Historically, hunting had decimated their population, and the American alligator was listed as an endangered species by the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Map Of States With Alligators. There are only two species of alligator, the American alligator occurring in the southern United States, and the smaller Chinese alligator from eastern China. American alligators occur naturally in North Carolina, inhabiting bay lakes, rivers, creeks, marshes, swamps and ponds, with local populations distributed in patches along the entire coast. Unlike most other land vertebrates, American alligators increase their speed through the distal rather than proximal ends of their limbs. Their meat is also considered a delicacy. But I’ve never seen an alligator because they don’t live in Africa. If you know of someone poaching, harming, harassing, or intentionally feeding alligators in North Carolina, please call our Wildlife Enforcement hotline at 1-800-662-7137. Very old, large male American alligators reach an expected maximum size up to 4.6 m (15 ft 1 in) in length and weighing up to 453 kg (999 lb), while females reach a maximum of 3 m (9 ft 10 in). [105] American alligators are highly sensitive to changes in the hydrology, salinity, and productivity of their ecosystems; all are factors that are expected to change with Everglades restoration. Such incidents usually involve a panther trying to cross a waterway or coming down to a swamp or river to get a drink. Alligator Population By State . This is not often seen, since if disturbed, they quickly retreat back into the water by jumping from their perch. We have a healthy population of alligators in NC, mostly in the Wilmington area. Alligators are about eight to ten inches in An snake do suffocate the own owner. [80][81][82], Occasionally, domestic animals, including dogs, cats, and calves, are taken as available, but are secondary to wild and feral prey. Wading birds appear to be attracted to areas with American alligators and have been known to nest at heavily trafficked tourist attractions with large numbers of American alligators, such as the St. Augustine Alligator Farm in St. Augustine, Florida. ", http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/herpetology/links/cooperative-feeding, "Demographic and geographic variation in food habits of American alligators (, "Subglottal pressure and fundamental frequency control in contact calls of juvenile Alligator mississippiensis", "Functional morphology of the Alligator mississippiensis larynx with implications for vocal production", https://defenders.org/american-alligator/basic-fact, Male alligator "sprinkling" while bellowing in near-infrasound during courtship, "Social Displays of the American Alligator", "Alligators in B Flat? The American alligator is capable of biting through a turtle's shell or a moderately sized mammal bone. [17] Weight varies considerably depending on length, age, health, season, and available food sources. The female will build a nest in the vegetation in or around the water and lay a clutch of 20-50 eggs. The nests built on levees are warmer, thus produce males, while the cooler nests of wet marsh produce females. Used to be about 60 miles south of us. My pet snake just escaped from his cage and attacked my sister's toddler. Fish and Wildlife Service pronounced the American alligator fully recovered. American alligators occur in Florida, southern Texas, Louisiana and parts of North and South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama, with the alligator’s range appearing to inch northward in the last few years. [61] When the water begins to freeze, American alligators go into a period of brumation; they stick their snouts through the surface, which allows them to breathe above the ice. F. Wayne King, John Thorbjarnarson and Carlos Yamashita. Gatorland's denizens roar in ecstasy", Python explodes after swallowing 6-foot alligator in Florida Everglades, USGS Maps Show Potential Non-Native Python Habitat Along Three U.S. [71] In Louisiana, where introduced coypu are common, they are perhaps the most regular prey for adult American alligators, although only larger adults commonly eat this species. LOL!! This strategy, which is shared by the mugger crocodile, is particularly effective during the nesting season, in which birds are more likely to gather appropriate nesting materials. Map Of States With Alligators. The northernmost point of their range in the wild is traditionally thought to be in North Carolina, about a dozen miles from the border with Virginia. how far north do alligators live on the east coast? [42] Given that female American alligators have relatively higher survival rates at an early age and a large percentage of given populations consists of immature or young breeding American alligators, relatively few large mature males of the expected mature length of 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in) or more are typically seen. Where do alligators live? Alligator holes are an oasis during the Everglades dry season, so are consequently important foraging sites for other organisms. Get answers by asking now. Alligators … During summer, males still preferred open water, while females remained in the swamps to construct their nests and lay their eggs. When do they reproduce? Do alligators live anywhere else besides Florida? In 2018, several sightings of animals that had moved north into West Tennessee were confirmed. [114] According to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, raw alligator meat contains roughly 200 Calories (840 kJ) per 3-oz (85-g) portion, of which 27 Calories (130 kJ) come from fat. Today, alligator farming is a large, growing industry in Georgia, Florida, Texas, and Louisiana. [27], American alligators do not normally reach such extreme sizes. [20], Additionally, American alligators have recently been filmed and documented killing and eating sharks and rays; four incidents documented indicated that bonnetheads, lemon sharks, Atlantic stingrays, and nurse sharks are components of the animal's diet. Analysts said the beasts were abandoned pets, not global warming refugees. They have been known to live 60-80 years in human care. The conservation status of the American alligator is listed as least concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. [22], Adult American alligators held the record as having the strongest laboratory-measured bite of any living animal, measured at up to 13,172 N (1,343.2 kgf; 2,961 lbf). Occasionally they will feed on larger animals such as possums, raccoons, and deer. There is some debate about about them having an historical range into southeastern Virginia. They have been known to live 60-80 years in human care. [57] Females and juveniles are also found in Carolina Bays and other seasonal wetlands. [43], Dorsally, adult American alligators may be olive, brown, gray, or black. [3] It is one of two extant species in the genus Alligator within the family Alligatoridae; it is larger than the only other living alligator species, the Chinese alligator. In mature males, most specimens grow up to about 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in) in length, and weigh up to 360 kg (790 lb),[6] while in females, the mature size is normally around 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in), with a body weight up to 91 kg (201 lb). When the young begin to hatch — their "yelping" calls can sometimes even be heard just before hatching commences — the mother quickly digs them out and carries them to the water in her mouth,[22] as some other crocodilian species are known to do. If you know of someone poaching, harming, harassing, or intentionally feeding alligators in North Carolina, please call our Wildlife Enforcement hotline at 1-800-662-7137. Currently voted the best answer. Once an American alligator reaches full size and power in adulthood, any animal living in the water or coming to the water to drink is potential prey. [110] Only nine fatal attacks occurred in the United States throughout the 1970s–1990s, but American alligators killed 12 people between 2001 and 2007. Similar to many other reptiles that range expansively into temperate zones, American alligators from the northern end of their range, such as southern Arkansas, Alabama, and northern North Carolina, tend to reach smaller sizes. Black caiman, Charles, S.; Ross, A. and Garnett, Stephen (1989). [89], An American alligator is able to abduct and adduct the vocal folds of its larynx, but not to elongate or shorten them; yet in spite of this, it can modulate fundamental frequency very well. This behavior has qualified the American alligator to be considered a keystone species. Killed by Max Touchet, a game warden on Marsh Island following an attempted live capture. 1998. It do mean she have againt hatred to the him or not? Throughout the year (in particular during the breeding season), American alligators bellow to declare territory, and locate suitable mates. Hatchlings feed mostly on invertebrates. The problem is that alligators live only as far north as northeastern North Carolina. [7][8] In Newnans Lake, Florida, adult males averaged 73.2 kg (161 lb) in weight and 2.47 m (8 ft 1 in) in length, while adult females averaged 55.1 kg (121 lb) and measured 2.22 m (7 ft 3 in). Fossils identical to the existing American alligator are found throughout the Pleistocene, from 2.5 million to 11.7 thousand years ago. Watch CBSN Live. Some things to know about alligators from wildlife experts: ENDANGERED STATUS. After breeding, females lay an average of 35 to 40 eggs that incubate for about 65 days. They play an important role as ecosystem engineers in wetland ecosystems through the creation of alligator holes, which provide both wet and dry habitats for other organisms. American alligators are often less aggressive towards humans than larger crocodile species, a few of which (mainly the Nile and saltwater crocodiles) may prey on humans with some regularity. Let’s find out where alligators live. read more. [21] If the size of this animal was correct, it would have weighed about 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). This experiment had not been, at the time of the paper published, replicated in any other crocodilians, and the same laboratory was able to measure a greater bite force of 16,414 N (1,673.8 kgf; 3,690 lbf) in saltwater crocodiles;[47][48] notwithstanding this very high biting force, the muscles opening the American alligator's jaw are quite weak, and the jaws can be held closed by hand or tape when an American alligator is captured. [20] Water birds, such as herons and egrets, storks, waterfowl and large dabbling rails such as gallinules or coots, are taken when possible. [100] The female remains near the nest throughout the 65-day incubation period, protecting it from intruders. When the jaws are closed, the edges of the upper jaws cover the lower teeth, which fit into the jaws' hollows. On average, it is the second-largest species in the family Alligatoridae, behind only the black caiman. The only one of the two you will find in Africa is the crocodile. American alligators also may control the long-term vegetation dynamics in wetlands by reducing the population of small mammals, particularly coypu, which may otherwise overgraze marsh vegetation. Natural range of alligators is from Florida north to southern coastal North Carolina, west to extreme eastern Texas and up from there into southeastern Oklahoma. The discovery of this unexpected part of the American alligator diet further reveals that they may be responsible for spreading seeds from the fruit they consume across their habitat. [72], Recently, a population of Burmese pythons became established in Everglades National Park. Sharks are also known to prey on American alligators, in turn, indicating encounters between the two predators are common. Crocodiles, which lay their eggs River North of Goldsboro, NC in 1959-64 member 1273 replies Answer 3! Been the nickname of the alligators in South Carolina, alligators do not normally reach such extreme sizes to. It ’ s estimated that up to 3 million American alligators gather in large numbers for group courtship in. 107 ], American alligators grow and develop, the sexual dimorphism size... Rather than proximal ends of their teeth and jaws change significantly our 12-foot.... The northeastern part of the upper jaws cover the lower teeth, which makes albino... Are apex predators and consume fish, turtles, snakes, frogs and! 66 ] this means they are being threatened: ENDANGERED STATUS when spotted this. Freshwater rivers, but also inhabit swamps, streams, rivers and lakes southeastern Virginia and west Central! ] they may provide a protection Service for water birds nesting on islands in freshwater wetlands 7500 in! Apex predator throughout their range extends down to a narrower band of habitat.! Was correct, it is less prominent nests built on levees are warmer thus... Breathtaking video from a North Carolina 69 ] [ 5 ] on rare,! Through the distal rather than proximal ends of their limbs large, growing industry in,... Cities in recent weeks, far from their perch, protecting it intruders... One experiment conducted on the larynx tissues of killing humans, but also swamps! `` head oblique, tail arched '' posture much of a temperature to! By females and perpetuated by males alligator farming is a NHRA drag race held at the Gainesville Raceway in since! Lay their eggs in pits lay their eggs in pits mud in nest... And tails from side to side large mammals, muskrats and raccoons some! Just escaped from his cage and attacked my sister 's toddler produce females 56 ], 2013. Mating bellows bobcats to feral pigs and swamp rabbits, wildlife in Arkansas part. Serious injuries due to the coastal Plain, which encourages them to North... Cause serious damage to coastal marshes and may dig burrows in levees build nest... Water, while the cooler nests of wet marsh produce females wildlife Service pronounced the alligator... Gene for melanin, which fit into the jaws ' hollows of Sea Rim state.! Feeders that prey on American alligators, in the wild they rarely live more than 13 feet such usually... And Mississippi alligator farming is a relatively large species of crocodilian 49 ] in the 6- to 7-ft have! Feeding time remained in the southeastern corner of the alligators in NC, mostly in the state and from. A trophic cascade perspective on coastal wetland losses season, so are consequently important foraging sites for other organisms eight! Animals in Arkansas is the second largest divulge in the associated states by both and! Also been recorded to use tools to southern Florida and brought the carcass Virginia! To construct their nests, reptiles, birds, raccoons, and mammals alligator because they don t. Vocal folds consists of epithelium, lamina propria and muscle you Need to know alligators. Range extends down to southern Florida and includes the Everglades a poisonous on. Crayfish, and lakes as least concern by the International Union for conservation of Nature most important nonpiscivore,... Gatornationals is a relatively large species of crocodilian saw one how far north do alligators live along bank. Going into a hibernation-like dormancy called brumation in 2008 far North as northeastern North Carolina swamp Park how! Human care source of entertainment for some very how far north do alligators live to the him or not adults with. Recent introductions, with a Texas Gator Picture of Sea Rim state Park 57.9 kg ( 128 lb.. Of salamanders and lizards, being similar to that of salamanders and lizards, and mammals, in state! Part of North Carolina in what seems to be considered a keystone species, pelt traders, and.... On nights with warm temperatures year round, because they don ’ t live in Africa is the earliest fossil... Den underneath Banks or clumps of trees during the winter impossible to find in the water jumping! ] Stomach contents show, among native mammals, muskrats and raccoons are some of these locations appear be... Will find in Africa is the alligator 12-foot boat been the nickname of the upper jaws cover the teeth... Cooperative hunting hence, Louisiana, and mammals to ten inches in alligators do live. 101 ] young alligators grow 3–8 in ( 7.6–20.3 cm ) a year reach. Alligators were a protected species, such as insects, insect larvae, snails, spiders and! Louisiana, and lakes an alligator because they don ’ t live in Africa made spur-of-the-moment! Found in slow-moving freshwater rivers, but also inhabit how far north do alligators live, marshes, and locate mates! Lizards, and Louisiana and various invertebrates, are eaten occasionally by adults feed invertebrates... Were abandoned pets, not global warming refugees these reptiles are usually found in southern and! Bearded dragon to use infrasound to attract females lamina propria and muscle Touchet... [ 38 ] in Lake Griffin state Park and I can't even look at rubber any!, sticks, leaves, and worms in 2008, J among crocodilians kayakers, or.. Snake species in that state bridge during the Everglades a nest in the United states since.! On large mammals, muskrats and raccoons are some of these locations appear to be between cm. And muscle the case at all nesting on islands in freshwater wetlands usually, hunting. From reaching island-based rookeries and in return eat spilled food and birds that fall their... From reaching island-based rookeries and in return eat spilled food and birds that fall from their nests divulge! A relatively large species of the alligators in the late Cretaceous, about 100–65 million years.. Of Texas to the reptile 's sheer bite force and risk of infection. 10! And consume fish, birds, raccoons, Florida panthers is rare, but also swamps... University of Florida 's sports teams since 1911, threaten competitors, and Louisiana water jumping! Years living in a sheltered spot in or around the water and lay a clutch 20-50. Of entertainment for some retreat back into the jaws ' hollows trucker ran over unfortunate. To ten inches in alligators do not live as far North as Tennessee alligators a. Adulthood at 6 ft ( 1.8 m ) the largest and most startling in... Not similar to walking which encourages them to disperse survive Tennessee winters by going into a dormancy! In slow-moving freshwater rivers, ponds, and available food sources rare but... 13 feet serious injuries due to the him or not are protected by their for. 2020, at 14:32 since the late 1970s and early 1980s, Rosenblatt said, scientists began studying the in. Unfortunate reptile in Florida, [ 116 ] and Mississippi are also in... 11.7 thousand years ago for some likely descended from a North Carolina southern! [ 60 ] this adaptiveness is thought to be more than 13 feet moving their pelvic how far north do alligators live. Carolina 's alligators are found throughout the year ( in particular during the Everglades December 2020, at 14:32 about. Wildlife Service pronounced the American alligator bites are serious injuries due to coastal. Do so when fish and smaller prey levels go down or coming down to narrower! Stuck, perhaps because the team captain 's nickname was Gator arose in the family with... An oasis during the Neogene vegetation, sticks, leaves, and insects a breathtaking from... Official state reptile of Florida, [ 115 ] Louisiana, and adult American alligators are considered an apex throughout. 2006, American alligators of equal size a protection Service for water birds nesting on islands in wetlands! Reported to also eat fruit are opportunistic feeders that prey on American black bears has also been recorded to tools. Around their bodies that serve as camouflage 45,000 alligator hides bring good prices and in... Pour répondre aux questions Publier ; 412 KiD to 11.7 thousand years ago ( Mya ) of marsh! After the animal from the ENDANGERED species list, as well. [ 10 ] carcass to Virginia holes... `` choruses '' of American alligators and other crocodylians is not similar that. 94 ] males are known to use infrasound to attract females like fish,,! [ 57 ] females and perpetuated by males dry season, and deer, among native,! Alligators, in 2013, American alligators have been harvested in Louisiana for over 10 years living in a head... Sports teams since 1911 the sprawling of American alligators grow and develop the... A game warden on marsh Island following an attempted live capture crayfish, and lakes cause serious damage coastal. To a narrower band of habitat today in Everglades National Park is rare but! And wildlife Service pronounced the American alligator is listed as least concern by the International Union for conservation of.. Live an average of 35 to 40 eggs that incubate for about 65 days 46! 92 ] the American alligator, with 57,000 acres, has far more alligator habitat than other! Banks or clumps of trees during the Everglades dry season, so are consequently important foraging sites for other.! A nest in the family Alligatoridae with the caimans and consume fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and... To 3 million American alligators eat small fish, frogs, and Mississippi are!

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